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The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project (DSHARP). IV. Characterizing Substructures and Interactions in Disks around Multiple Star Systems

Abstract : To characterize the substructures induced in protoplanetary disks by the interaction between stars in multiple systems, we study the 1.25 mm continuum and the 12CO(J = 2-1) spectral line emission of the triple systems HT Lup and AS 205, at scales of ≈5 au, as part of the “Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project” (DSHARP). In the continuum emission, we find two symmetric spiral arms in the disk around AS 205 N, with a pitch angle of 14°, while the southern component AS 205 S, itself a spectroscopic binary, is surrounded by a compact inner disk and a bright ring at a radius of 34 au. The 12CO line exhibits clear signatures of tidal interactions, with spiral arms, extended arc-like emission, and high velocity gas, possible evidence of a recent close encounter between the disks in the AS 205 system, as these features are predicted by hydrodynamic simulations of flyby encounters. In the HT Lup system, we detect continuum emission from all three components. The primary disk, HT Lup A, also shows a two-armed symmetric spiral structure with a pitch angle of 4°, while HT Lup B and C, located at 25 and 434 au in projected separation from HT Lup A, are barely resolved with ∼5 and ∼10 au in diameter, respectively. The gas kinematics for the closest pair indicates a different sense of rotation for each disk, which could be explained by either a counter rotation of the two disks in different, close to parallel, planes, or by a projection effect of these disks with a close to 90° misalignment between them.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03635021
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Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 10:29:42 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 9, 2022 - 3:42:07 AM

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Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Laura M. Pérez, Myriam Benisty, Zhaohuan Zhu, Shangjia Zhang, et al.. The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project (DSHARP). IV. Characterizing Substructures and Interactions in Disks around Multiple Star Systems. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2018, 869, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/aaf746⟩. ⟨insu-03635021⟩

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