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234Th-Derived Particle Fluxes and Seasonal Variability: When Is the SS Assumption Reliable? Insights From a Novel Approach for Carbon Flux Simulation

Abstract : 234Th measurements are widely used to estimate the downward carbon flux of particles via the oceanic Biological Pump. Carbon export is evaluated from 234Th-238U disequilibrium assuming either steady state (SS) conditions, or including a non-SS (NSS) correction. We use a novel stochastic simulation to quantify the temporal variation of vertical carbon and 234Th (dissolved and particulate) concentration profiles with high temporal resolution. We calculate seasonal export as if in situ measured with sediment trap and SS- and NSS-234Th approaches and quantify the periods of validity for SS/NSS conditions defined in previous works. The SS approach is valid throughout the entire season in oligotrophic regions. In temperate regions, the SS introduces a bias in the export if sampling takes place outside specific temporal windows. Windows of validity range from days in short blooms of 15-day duration to weeks in blooms longer than 30 days.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 10:44:26 AM
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E. Ceballos-Romero, F. de Soto, F. A. C. Le Moigne, R. García-Tenorio, M. Villa-Alfageme. 234Th-Derived Particle Fluxes and Seasonal Variability: When Is the SS Assumption Reliable? Insights From a Novel Approach for Carbon Flux Simulation. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2018, 45, pp.13,414-13,426. ⟨10.1029/2018GL079968⟩. ⟨insu-03635015⟩

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