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First Millimeter Detection of the Disk around a Young, Isolated, Planetary-mass Object

Abstract : OTS44 is one of only four free-floating planets known to have a disk. We have previously shown that it is the coolest and least massive known free-floating planet (∼12 {M}{Jup}) with a substantial disk that is actively accreting. We have obtained Band 6 (233 GHz) ALMA continuum data of this very young disk-bearing object. The data show a clear unresolved detection of the source. We obtained disk-mass estimates via empirical correlations derived for young, higher-mass, central (substellar) objects. The range of values obtained are between 0.07 and 0.63 {M}\oplus (dust masses). We compare the properties of this unique disk with those recently reported around higher-mass (brown dwarfs) young objects in order to infer constraints on its mechanism of formation. While extreme assumptions on dust temperature yield disk-mass values that could slightly diverge from the general trends found for more massive brown dwarfs, a range of sensible values provide disk masses compatible with a unique scaling relation between {M}{dust} and M * through the substellar domain down to planetary masses.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 10:23:59 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 9, 2022 - 3:43:03 AM

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Amelia Bayo, Viki Joergens, yao Liu, Robert Brauer, Johan Olofsson, et al.. First Millimeter Detection of the Disk around a Young, Isolated, Planetary-mass Object. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2017, 841, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/aa7046⟩. ⟨insu-03635002⟩

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