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The nearby eclipsing stellar system δ Velorum. III. Self-consistent fundamental parameters and distance

Abstract : Context. The triple stellar system δ Vel (composed of two A-type and one F-type main-sequence stars) is particularly interesting because it contains one of the nearest and brightest eclipsing binaries. It therefore presents a unique opportunity to determine independently the physical properties of the three components of the system, as well as its distance.
Aims: We aim at determining the fundamental parameters (masses, radii, luminosities, rotational velocities) of the three components of δ Vel, as well as the parallax of the system, independently from the existing Hipparcos measurement.
Methods: We determined dynamical masses from high-precision astrometry of the orbits of Aab-B and Aa-Ab using adaptive optics (VLT/NACO) and optical interferometry (VLTI/AMBER). The main component is an eclipsing binary composed of two early A-type stars in rapid rotation. We modeled the photometric and radial velocity measurements of the eclipsing pair Aa-Ab using a self-consistent method based on physical parameters (mass, radius, luminosity, rotational velocity).
Results: From our self-consistent modeling of the primary and secondary components of the δ Vel A eclipsing pair, we derive their fundamental parameters with a typical accuracy of 1%. We find that they have similar masses, 2.43 ± 0.02 M and 2.27 ± 0.02 M. The physical parameters of the tertiary component (δ Vel B) are also estimated, although to a lower accuracy. We obtain a parallax π = 39.8 ± 0.4 mas for the system, in satisfactory agreement (-1.2 σ) with the Hipparcos value (πHip = 40.5 ± 0.4 mas).
Conclusions: The physical parameters we derive represent a consistent set of constraints for the evolutionary modeling of this system. The agreement of the parallax we measure with the Hipparcos value to a 1% accuracy is also an interesting confirmation of the true accuracy of these two independent measurements.

Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at Paranal Observatory, under ESO programs 076.D-0782(B), 081.D-0109(B), 081.D-0109(C), 282.D-5006(A) and Arcetri GTO program 084.C-0170(C).

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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 12:11:13 PM
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A. Mérand, P. Kervella, T. Pribulla, M. G. Petr-Gotzens, M. Benisty, et al.. The nearby eclipsing stellar system δ Velorum. III. Self-consistent fundamental parameters and distance. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2011, 532, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201116896⟩. ⟨insu-03624337⟩

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