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Gamma-Ray Observations of the Microquasars Cygnus X-1, Cygnus X-3, GRS 1915+105, and GX 339-4 with the Fermi Large Area Telescope

Abstract : Detecting gamma-rays from microquasars is a challenging but worthwhile endeavor for understanding particle acceleration and the jet mechanism and for constraining leptonic/hadronic emission models. We present results from a likelihood analysis on timescales of 1 day and 10 days of ~4 yr worth of gamma-ray observations (0.1-10 GeV) by Fermi-LAT of Cyg X-1, Cyg X-3, GRS 1915+105, and GX 339-4. Our analysis reproduced all but one of the previous gamma-ray outbursts of Cyg X-3 as reported with Fermi or AGILE, plus five new days on which Cyg X-3 is detected at a significance of ~5σ that are not reported in the literature. In addition, Cyg X-3 is significantly detected on 10 day timescales outside of known gamma-ray flaring epochs, which suggests that persistent gamma-ray emission from Cyg X-3 has been detected for the first time. For Cyg X-1 we find three low-significance excesses (~3-4σ) on daily timescales that are contemporaneous with gamma-ray flares reported (also at low significance) by AGILE. Two other microquasars, GRS 1915+105 and GX 339-4, are not detected, and we derive 3σ upper limits of 2.3 × 10-8 photons cm-2 s-1 and 1.6 × 10-8 photons cm-2 s-1, respectively, on the persistent flux in the 0.1-10 GeV range. These results enable us to define a list of the general conditions that are necessary for the detection of gamma-rays from microquasars.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03620891
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Submitted on : Sunday, March 27, 2022 - 10:56:33 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 29, 2022 - 3:17:18 AM

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Arash Bodaghee, John A. Tomsick, Katja Pottschmidt, Jérôme Rodriguez, Jörn Wilms, et al.. Gamma-Ray Observations of the Microquasars Cygnus X-1, Cygnus X-3, GRS 1915+105, and GX 339-4 with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. The Astrophysical Journal, 2013, 775, ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/775/2/98⟩. ⟨insu-03620891⟩

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