Live benthic foraminiferal faunas from the Bay of Biscay: faunal density, composition, and microhabitats - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Year : 2002

Live benthic foraminiferal faunas from the Bay of Biscay: faunal density, composition, and microhabitats

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Abstract

In the meso-oligotrophic Bay of Biscay, a diminishing downward organic matter flux with depth is accompanied by an important decrease of the live foraminiferal density. Although bottom water oxygenation is not directly influenced by organic matter input, the oxygenation of interstitial waters and the primary redox fronts do change in response to variations of the organic matter flux. The occurrence of deep and intermediate infaunal taxa can be linked to fundamental redox fronts and putative associated bacterial consortia. Our data are in agreement with the TROX-model, which explains the benthic foraminiferal microhabitat as a function of organic flux and benthic ecosystem oxygenation. Both the depth of the principle redox fronts and the microhabitat of deep infaunal species show important increases with depth. At the deepest oligotrophic stations, deep infaunal faunas become relatively poor. Therefore, the exported flux of organic matter appears to be the main parameter controlling the composition and the vertical distribution of benthic foraminiferal faunas below the sediment-water interface. The oxygenation of pore waters plays only a minor role. A species-level adaptation of the TROX-model is presented for the Bay of Biscay.

Dates and versions

insu-03618999 , version 1 (24-03-2022)

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C. Fontanier, F. J. Jorissen, L. Licari, A. Alexandre, P. Anschutz, et al.. Live benthic foraminiferal faunas from the Bay of Biscay: faunal density, composition, and microhabitats. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 2002, 49, pp.751-785. ⟨10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00078-4⟩. ⟨insu-03618999⟩

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