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Journal Articles The Astronomical Journal Year : 2014

The Three-body System δ Circini


Delta Cir is known as an O7.5 III eclipsing and spectroscopic binary with an eccentric orbit. Penny et al. discovered the presence of a third component in the IUE spectra. The eclipsing binary and the third body revolve around a common center of gravity with a period of 1644 days in an eccentric orbit with a semimajor axis of 10 AU. We demonstrate the presence of apsidal-line rotation with a period of ≈141 yr, which is considerably longer than its theoretically predicted value, based on the published radii of the binary components derived from the Hipparchos H p light curve. However, our new solution of the same light curve resulted in smaller radii and better agreement between the observed and predicted period of the apsidal-line advance. There are indications that the third body is a binary. The object was resolved by VLTI using the PIONIER combiner; in 2012 June, the separation was 3.78 mas with magnitude difference in the H region 1.ͫ75. This result means that (assuming a distance of 770 pc) the inclination of the long orbit is 87.°7.

Based on data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programs ID 65.N-0577, 67.B-0504, 074D-0300, 178.D-0361, 182.D-0356, 083.D-0589, 185.D-0056, 086.D-0997, and 087D-0946.

Dates and versions

insu-03618153 , version 1 (24-03-2022)



Pavel Mayer, Petr Harmanec, Hugues Sana, Jean-Baptiste Le Bouquin. The Three-body System δ Circini. The Astronomical Journal, 2014, 148, ⟨10.1088/0004-6256/148/6/114⟩. ⟨insu-03618153⟩
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