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Water Deuterium Fractionation in the Inner Regions of Two Solar-type Protostars

Abstract : The [HDO]/[H2O] ratio is a crucial parameter for probing the history of water formation. So far, it has been measured for only three solar-type protostars and yielded different results, possibly pointing to a substantially different history in their formation. In the present work, we report new interferometric observations of the HDO 42, 2-42, 3 line for two solar-type protostars, IRAS2A and IRAS4A, located in the NGC 1333 region. In both sources, the detected HDO emission originates from a central compact unresolved region. A comparison with previously published interferometric observations of the H_2^{18}O 31, 3-22, 0 line shows that the HDO and H2O lines mostly come from the same region. A non-LTE large velocity gradient analysis of the HDO and H_2^{18}O line emissions, combined with published observations, provides an [HDO]/[H2O] ratio of 0.3%-8% in IRAS2A and 0.5%-3% in IRAS4A. First, the water fractionation is lower than that of other molecules such as formaldehyde and methanol in the same sources. Second, it is similar to that measured in the solar-type protostar prototype, IRAS16293-2422, and, surprisingly enough, larger than that measured in NGC 1333 IRAS4B. The comparison of the measured values toward IRAS2A and IRAS4A with the predictions of our gas-grain model GRAINOBLE gives similar conclusions to those for IRAS 16293, arguing that these protostars share a similar chemical history, although they are located in different clouds.

Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain).

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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 11:07:50 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 16, 2022 - 8:20:25 AM

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V. Taquet, A. López-Sepulcre, C. Ceccarelli, R. Neri, C. Kahane, et al.. Water Deuterium Fractionation in the Inner Regions of Two Solar-type Protostars. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2013, 768, ⟨10.1088/2041-8205/768/2/L29⟩. ⟨insu-03617075⟩

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