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Light scattering by low-density agglomerates of micron-sized grains with the PROGRA2 experiment

Abstract : This work was carried out with the PROGRA2 experiment, specifically developed to measure the angular dependence of the polarization of light scattered by dust particles. The samples are small agglomerates of micron-sized grains and huge, low number density agglomerates of the same grains. The constituent grains (spherical or irregularly shaped) are made of different non-absorbing and absorbing materials. The small agglomerates, in a size range of a few microns, are lifted by an air draught. The huge centimeter-sized agglomerates, produced by random ballistic deposition of the grains, are deposited on a flat surface. The phase curves obtained for monodisperse, micron-sized spheres in agglomerates are obviously not comparable to the ‘smooth’ phase curves obtained by remote observations of cometary dust or asteroidal regoliths but they are used for comparison with numerical calculations to a better understanding of the light scattering processes. The phase curves obtained for irregular grains in agglomerates are similar to those obtained by remote observations, with a negative branch at phase angles smaller than 20° and a maximum polarization decreasing with increasing albedo. These results, coupled with remote observations in the solar system, should provide a better understanding of the physical properties of solid particles and their variation in cometary comae and asteroidal regoliths.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 9:12:07 AM
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Edith Hadamcik, J. -B. Renard, J. Lasue, Anny Chantal Levasseur-Regourd, J. Blum, et al.. Light scattering by low-density agglomerates of micron-sized grains with the PROGRA2 experiment. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Elsevier, 2007, 106, pp.74-89. ⟨10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.01.008⟩. ⟨insu-03611273⟩



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