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Mediterranean cyclones: Current knowledge and open questions on dynamics, prediction, climatology and impacts

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Emmanouil Flaounas
Shira Raveh-Rubin
Florian Pantillon
Mario Marcello Miglietta
Μiguel Angel Gaertner
Maria Hatzaki
  • Function : Author
Victor Homar
Samira Khodayar
  • Function : Author
Gerasimos Korres
  • Function : Author
Vassiliki Kotroni
  • Function : Author
Jonilda Kushta
  • Function : Author
Marco Reale

Abstract

Abstract. A large number of intense cyclones occur every year in the Mediterranean basin, one of the climate change hotspots. Producing a broad range of severe socio-economic and environmental impacts in such a densely populated region, Mediterranean cyclones call for coordinated and interdisciplinary research efforts. This article aims at supporting these efforts by reviewing the status of knowledge in the broad field of Mediterranean cyclones. First, we focus on the dynamics and atmospheric processes that govern the genesis and development of Mediterranean cyclones. Then, we review the state of the art in forecasting cyclones and relevant high-impact weather. Particular attention is given to Mediterranean cyclone tracks and their physical characteristics in current and future climate. Finally, we focus on the impacts produced by cyclones and we outline the future directions of research that would advance the broader field of Mediterranean cyclones as a whole.

Dates and versions

insu-03610727 , version 1 (05-10-2021)
insu-03610727 , version 2 (16-03-2022)

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Emmanouil Flaounas, Silvio Davolio, Shira Raveh-Rubin, Florian Pantillon, Mario Marcello Miglietta, et al.. Mediterranean cyclones: Current knowledge and open questions on dynamics, prediction, climatology and impacts. 2021. ⟨insu-03610727v1⟩
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