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Natural organic matter (NOM)-clay association and impact on Callovo-Oxfordian clay stability inhigh alkaline solution: Spectromicroscopic evidence

Abstract : The understanding of chemical association between natural organic matter (NOM) and clay minerals is of paramount importance to predict the long term stability of host rock formations for deep geological nuclear waste repositories. Synchrotron-based soft X-ray spectromicroscopy demonstrates a strong association between K-rich clay phases (illite) and NOM in the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite (Meuse-Haute Marne, or MHM site, France) and a weaker association in the Opalinus clay (Benken, Switzerland). C(1s) spectra show no significant depth dependent variation in the MHM site (447-516m). Alteration experiments under oxidizing conditions and high pH of the Callovo-Oxfordian clay indicate a passivation of chemically reactive sites by NOM that is responsible for the kinetic hindered clay dissolution/transformation. These experiments lead to a significant release of humic/fulvic acid colloids in the alkaline solution with time dependent variation in size and functional group content.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03607114
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 12, 2022 - 5:51:36 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 12, 2022 - 5:51:37 PM

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T. Schäfer, F. Claret, A. Bauer, L. Griffault, E. Ferrage, et al.. Natural organic matter (NOM)-clay association and impact on Callovo-Oxfordian clay stability inhigh alkaline solution: Spectromicroscopic evidence. Journal de Physique IV (Proceedings), 2003, 104, pp.413-416. ⟨10.1051/jp4:20030112⟩. ⟨insu-03607114⟩

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