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Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2011

Coseismic slip distribution of the February 27, 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake

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Fred F. Pollitz
  • Function : Author
Ben Brooks
  • Function : Author
Xiaopeng Tong
  • Function : Author
Michael G. Bevis
  • Function : Author
James H. Foster
  • Function : Author
Roland Bürgmann
  • Function : Author
Robert Smalley
  • Function : Author
Jaime Campos
  • Function : Author
Sergio Barrientos
  • Function : Author
Héctor Parra
  • Function : Author
Juan Carlos Baez Soto
  • Function : Author
Sergio Cimbaro
  • Function : Author
Mauro Blanco
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Static offsets produced by the February 27, 2010 Mw = 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake as measured by GPS and InSAR constrain coseismic slip along a section of the Andean megathrust of dimensions 650 km (in length) × 180 km (in width). GPS data have been collected from both campaign and continuous sites sampling both the near-field and far field. ALOS/PALSAR data from several ascending and descending tracks constrain the near-field crustal deformation. Inversions of the geodetic data for distributed slip on the megathrust reveal a pronounced slip maximum of order 15 m at ∼15-25 km depth on the megathrust offshore Lloca, indicating that seismic slip was greatest north of the epicenter of the bilaterally propagating rupture. A secondary slip maximum appears at depth ∼25 km on the megathrust just west of Concepción. Coseismic slip is negligible below 35 km depth. Estimates of the seismic moment based on different datasets and modeling approaches vary from 1.8 to 2.6 × 1022 N m. Our study is the first to model the static displacement field using a layered spherical Earth model, allowing us to incorporate both near-field and far-field static displacements in a consistent manner. The obtained seismic moment of 1.97 × 1022 N m, corresponding to a moment magnitude of 8.8, is similar to that obtained by previous seismic and geodetic inversions.
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insu-03606484 , version 1 (12-03-2022)

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Fred F. Pollitz, Ben Brooks, Xiaopeng Tong, Michael G. Bevis, James H. Foster, et al.. Coseismic slip distribution of the February 27, 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 2011, 38, ⟨10.1029/2011GL047065⟩. ⟨insu-03606484⟩
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