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Journal articles

Oscillatory dynamos and their induction mechanisms

Abstract : Context. Large-scale magnetic fields resulting from hydromagnetic dynamo action may differ substantially in their time dependence. Cyclic field variations, characteristic for the solar magnetic field, are often explained by an important Ω-effect, i.e., by the stretching of field lines because of strong differential rotation.
Aims: The dynamo mechanism of a convective, oscillatory dynamo model is investigated.
Methods: We solve the MHD-equations for a conducting Boussinesq fluid in a rotating spherical shell. We computed the dynamo coefficients for the resulting oscillatory model with the help of the so-called test-field method. Subsequently, these coefficients were used in a mean-field calculation to explore the underlying dynamo mechanism.
Results: The oscillatory dynamo model we consider is an α2Ω one. Although the fairly strong differential rotation of this model influences the magnetic field, the Ω-effect alone is not responsible for its cyclic time variation. If the Ω-effect is suppressed, the resulting α2-dynamo remains oscillatory. Surprisingly, the corresponding αΩ-dynamo leads to a non-oscillatory magnetic field.
Conclusions: The assumption of an αΩ-mechanism does not explain the occurrence of magnetic cycles satisfactorily.
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 12, 2022 - 7:26:01 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 13, 2022 - 3:25:50 AM

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M. Schrinner, L. Petitdemange, E. Dormy. Oscillatory dynamos and their induction mechanisms. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2011, 530, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201016372⟩. ⟨insu-03606479⟩

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