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Microseismicity and faulting geometry in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece)

Abstract : During the summer of 1993, a network of seismological stations was installed over a period of 7 weeks around the eastern Gulf of Corinth where a sequence of strong earthquakes occurred during 1981. Seismicity lies between the Alepohori fault dipping north and the Kaparelli fault dipping south and is related to both of these antithetic faults. Focal mechanisms show normal faulting with the active fault plane dipping at about 45° for both faults. The aftershocks of the 1981 earthquake sequence recorded by King et al. (1985) were processed again and show similar results. In contrast, the observations collected near the western end of the Gulf of Corinth during an experiment conducted in 1991 (Rigo et al. 1996), and during the aftershock studies of the 1992 Galaxidi and the 1995 Aigion earthquakes (Hatzfeld et al. 1996; Bernard et al. 1997) show seismicity dipping at a very low angle (about 15°) northwards and normal faulting mechanisms with the active fault plane dipping northwards at about 30°. We suggest that the 8-12km deep seismicity in the west is probably related to the seismic-aseismic transition and not to a possible almost horizontal active fault dipping north as previously proposed. The difference in the seismicity and focal mechanisms between east and west of the Gulf could be related to the difference in the recent extension rate between the western Gulf of Corinth and the eastern Gulf of Corinth, which rotated the faults dipping originally at 45° (as in the east of the Gulf) to 30° (as in the west of the Gulf).
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Denis Hatzfeld, Vassilis Karakostas, Maria Ziazia, Iannis Kassaras, Elephteria Papadimitriou, et al.. Microseismicity and faulting geometry in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece). Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2000, 141, pp.438-456. ⟨10.1046/j.1365-246X.2000.00092.x⟩. ⟨insu-03606314⟩

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