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Effect of composition, structure, and spin state on the thermal conductivity of the Earth's lower mantle

Abstract : The change in electronic structure of iron at high pressures to spin-paired states in ferropericlase, silicate perovskite, and post-perovskite may have a profound influence on the thermal conductivity of the lower mantle. Here, we present optical absorption data for lower mantle minerals to assess the effect of composition (including iron oxidation state), structure, and iron spin state on radiative heat transfer. We confirm that the presence of ferric iron in ferropericlase strongly affects the optical properties, while the effect of the spin-pairing transition may be more secondary. We also show that post-perovskite exhibits larger optical absorption in the near infrared and visible spectral ranges than perovskite which may have a profound effect on the dynamics the lowermost mantle. We present preliminary results from measurements of the phonon thermal conductivity of perovskite at 125 GPa using a pulsed laser heating technique. The available data suggest a larger value than what previously estimated, although the uncertainty is large.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03605317
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Submitted on : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 7:26:24 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 13, 2022 - 3:25:49 AM

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A. F. Goncharov, V. V. Struzhkin, J. A. Montoya, S. Kharlamova, R. Kundargi, et al.. Effect of composition, structure, and spin state on the thermal conductivity of the Earth's lower mantle. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2010, 180, pp.148-153. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2010.02.002⟩. ⟨insu-03605317⟩

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