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Conference Papers Year : 2007

Noble Gases Analyses of Samples Synthesized at High P and T in a Multi Anvil Press Device: Protocol and Implications

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Abstract

Noble gases (He-Ne-Ar-Kr-Xe) in mantle-derived samples allow an undisputable tracing of different sources of materials. Concerning the deep mantle part, the study of noble gases suggests that a "primordial" component (which is non or partially degassed) exists. Nevertheless, this conclusion is challenged by several observations, both geophysical and geochemical, suggesting that contrariwise the mantle is now totally depleted, degassed or renewed by convection. Furthermore, the lack of experimental data disables quantitative modelling of geochemistry processes. It is still unknown how much the fractionations are dependent on the conditions on pressure, temperature and chemical composition in the mantle. Recent studies [1-3] suggest a more incompatible behavior for noble gases in comparison to their parent element (K for Ar, U + Th for He) in very specific conditions of pressure, temperature, and chemical composition. Nevertheless, those studies focus on only particular compositions or pressures or only one single noble gas. No exhaustive studies (of all nobles gases at different pressures, temperatures and compositions) were accomplished on this subject so far. We set up a new experimental protocol allowing the analyses of rare gases in samples synthesized under mantle conditions, at high pressures and temperatures. This new protocol associates the use of a gas loading device [4], a multi-anvil press device (INSU MAP, Clermont-Ferrand, France), a laser ablation coupled to mass- spectrometer for the noble gases analysis (excimer laser, λ = 193 nm), and a 3D profilometry device to quantify the amount of ablated material. We will present an application of these methods on the noble gases partitioning between solid and liquid natural phases in the 3-5 GPa pressure range and for temperature of 1400 to 1600°C. [1] E.M. Chamorro, R.A Brooker, J.-A Wartho, B.J. Wodd, S.P. Kelley and J.D. Blundy. Ar and K partitioning between clinopyroxene and silicate melt to 8 GPa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66: 507-519, 2002. [2] S.W. Parman, M.D. Kurz, S.R. Hart and T. L. Groove. Helium solubility in olivine and implication for high 3He/4He in ocean island basalts. Nature, 437: 1140-1143, 2005. [3] V.S. Heber, R.A. Brooker, S.P Kelley and B.J. Wood. Crystal-melt partitioning of nobles gases (helium, neon, argon, krypton and xenon) for olivine and clinopyroxene. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71: 1041-1061. [4] S.L. Boetcher, Q. Guo and A. Montana. A simple device for loading gases in high-pressure experiments. American Mineralogist, 74: 1383-1384, 1989.
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insu-03603215 , version 1 (09-03-2022)

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B. Bonnefoy, D. Andrault, Manuel Moreira, N. Bolfan-Casanova. Noble Gases Analyses of Samples Synthesized at High P and T in a Multi Anvil Press Device: Protocol and Implications. American Geophysical Union, 0000, à renseigner, Unknown Region. ⟨insu-03603215⟩
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