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Journal Articles Geophysical Journal International Year : 2016

Fault zone reverberations from cross-correlations of earthquake waveforms and seismic noise

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Abstract

Seismic wavefields interact with low-velocity fault damage zones. Waveforms of ballistic fault zone head waves, trapped waves, reflected waves and signatures of trapped noise can provide important information on structural and mechanical fault zone properties. Here we extend the class of observable fault zone waves and reconstruct in-fault reverberations or multiples in a strike-slip faulting environment. Manifestations of the reverberations are significant, consistent wave fronts in the coda of cross-correlation functions that are obtained from scattered earthquake waveforms and seismic noise recorded by a linear fault zone array. The physical reconstruction of Green's functions is evident from the high similarity between the signals obtained from the two different scattered wavefields. Modal partitioning of the reverberation wavefield can be tuned using different data normalization techniques. The results imply that fault zones create their own ambiance, and that the here reconstructed reverberations are a key seismic signature of wear zones. Using synthetic waveform modelling we show that reverberations can be used for the imaging of structural units by estimating the location, extend and magnitude of lateral velocity contrasts. The robust reconstruction of the reverberations from noise records suggests the possibility to resolve the response of the damage zone material to various external and internal loading mechanisms.
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Dates and versions

insu-03596380 , version 1 (03-03-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Gregor Hillers, Michel Campillo. Fault zone reverberations from cross-correlations of earthquake waveforms and seismic noise. Geophysical Journal International, 2016, 204, pp.1503-1517. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggv515⟩. ⟨insu-03596380⟩
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