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Cretaceous Episodic Extension in the South China Block, East Asia: Evidence From the Yuechengling Massif of Central South China

yang Chu Wei Lin Michel Faure 1, 2 Zhenhua Xue Wenbin Ji Zhentian Feng 
2 Géodynamique - UMR7327
BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327 : UMR7327, INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers, UO - Université d'Orléans : UMR7327
Abstract : In the Cretaceous, the subduction of the Izanagi/Paleo-Pacific plates beneath the South China Block (SCB) created a wide back-arc domain characterized by numerous extensional basins coeval with voluminous magmatism. The SCB witnessed the whole evolution by records of widespread extensional structures to accommodate the lithospheric stretching. In the interior of the SCB, the Yuechengling (YCL) Massif preserves a large, low-angle detachment fault, the Ziyuan Detachment (ZYD) at the western margin, and a high-angle ductile normal fault, the Tianhu Fault (THF), in the middle of the massif. Both faults display ductile shearing with top-to-the west kinematics but play different roles in two stages of extension. In the early stage at 140-120 Ma, the THF deformed the eastern YCL pluton at a temperature of 350 °C, but the ZYD shows limited movement at this time. On the contrary, the later stage (100-85 Ma) is characterized by pervasive middle- to high-temperature deformation ( 400-500 °C) and rapid exhumation along the ZYD, but the THF only underwent a near-surface brittle overprint. Across the SCB, the two-phase extension is widely recorded in other extensional structures and coincides with magmatic flare-ups at its eastern margin, suggesting episodic changes in the subduction dip. Combined with two compressional events that took place between the intervals of extension, the SCB experienced two cycles of compression-extension at 155-120 and 120-85 Ma. This periodicity is tentatively interpreted as a combined effect from the Izanagi/Paleo-Pacific subduction angle change and a thickening-foundering process in the arc region.
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yang Chu, Wei Lin, Michel Faure, Zhenhua Xue, Wenbin Ji, et al.. Cretaceous Episodic Extension in the South China Block, East Asia: Evidence From the Yuechengling Massif of Central South China. Tectonics, American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2019, 38, pp.3675-3702. ⟨10.1029/2019TC005516⟩. ⟨insu-03595767⟩

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