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Journal Articles International Journal of Earth Sciences Year : 2020

Slab break-offs in the Alpine subduction zone

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Emanuel D. Kästle
  • Function : Author
Lapo Boschi
  • Function : Author
Thomas Meier
  • Function : Author
Amr El-Sharkawy
  • Function : Author

Abstract

After the onset of plate collision in the Alps, at 32-34 Ma, the deep structure of the orogen is inferred to have changed dramatically: European plate break-offs in various places of the Alpine arc, as well as a possible reversal of subduction polarity in the eastern Alps have been proposed. We review different high-resolution tomographic studies of the upper mantle and combine shear- and body-wave models to assess the most reliable geometries of the slabs. Several hypotheses for the tectonic evolution are presented and tested against the tomographic model interpretations and constraints from geologic and geodetic observations. We favor the interpretation of a recent European slab break-off under the western Alps. In the eastern Alps, we review three published scenarios for the subduction structure and propose a fourth one to reconcile the results from tomography and geology. We suggest that the fast slab anomalies are mainly due to European subduction; Adriatic subduction plays no or only a minor role along the Tauern window sections, possibly increasing towards the Dinarides. The apparent northward dip of the slab under the eastern Alps may be caused by imaging a combination of Adriatic slab, from the Dinaric subduction system, and a deeper lying European one, as well as by an overturned, retreating European slab.
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Dates and versions

insu-03594507 , version 1 (03-03-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Emanuel D. Kästle, Claudio Rosenberg, Lapo Boschi, Nicolas Bellahsen, Thomas Meier, et al.. Slab break-offs in the Alpine subduction zone. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 2020, 109, pp.587-603. ⟨10.1007/s00531-020-01821-z⟩. ⟨insu-03594507⟩
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