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Evolution of a Shallow Volcanic Arc Pluton During Arc Migration: A Tectono-Thermal Integrated Study of the St. Martin Granodiorites (Northern Lesser Antilles)

Abstract : A new data set combining thermobarometry, geo-thermochronology, chronostratigraphic, and structural analyses highlights the tectono-thermal evolution of the St. Martin granodiorite from its emplacement to its surface exposure. The described vertical motions in this part of the upper plate of the Lesser Antilles subduction zone since 30 Myrs are linked to the migration of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc toward the plate interior. Results suggest that the St. Martin granodioritic pluton emplaced at 4-5 km depth and underwent a four-step history: (a) 30-27 Ma, emplacement along N20-40° transtensive structures oblique to the trench followed by, (b) 27-24 Ma, rapid post-emplacement cooling and exhumation (∼0.6 mm/yr) controlled by perpendicular to the trench N45° trending structures, (c) 24-9 Ma, slow subsidence (0.01 mm/yr) and development of carbonate platforms associated to tectonic quiescence, westward migration of the arc, and subsequent cooling of the crust, (d) 9 Ma to present-day, exhumation (∼0.25 mm/yr) and uplift of Neogene carbonate platforms mainly along N45° faults that likely accommodate the progressive trench curvature since 30 Ma. Pecube forward modeling using this scenario reproduces both the observed present-day geometry and thermochronometric ages. A similar sequence of events is observed in the Virgin Islands. Along with our new data, this suggests a southward migration of the deformation associated with the opening of the Anegada Trough.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 3:24:24 PM
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Mélanie Noury, Mélody Philippon, Jean-Jacques Cornee, Matthias Bernet, Olivier Bruguier, et al.. Evolution of a Shallow Volcanic Arc Pluton During Arc Migration: A Tectono-Thermal Integrated Study of the St. Martin Granodiorites (Northern Lesser Antilles). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2021, 22, ⟨10.1029/2020GC009627⟩. ⟨insu-03594271⟩

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