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Response of Fogo volcano (Cape Verde) to lunisolar gravitational forces during the 2014-2015 eruption

Abstract : Volcanoes are complex systems that evolve in space and time as a result of their eruptive activity. Volcanic eruptions represent the ultimate expression of a complex interplay between internal and external processes that span across different time scales. Deciphering how internal and external processes interact at the time scale of eruptions may provide key insights on the temporal evolution of eruptions and also help to better evaluate associated volcanic hazards. Studies of the tidal influence on volcanic activity have fallen within this context, although the cause-effect relationship between tides and eruptions is still unclear. In this study, we used Singular Spectrum Analysis to analyze three time-series, namely the seismic tremor, SO2 emission and lava volume flow rate, which cover the first month of effusive activity at Fogo volcano, Cape Verde, in 2014-2015. We detect 9 tidal periodicities and up to 5 in each time-series ranging from semi-diurnal to fortnightly periods. We show that the movement of magma at crustal depths and at surface as well as gas emission during the effusive eruption are all modulated by lunisolar gravitational forces. We highlight the relevance of the volcano location on Earth, which together with the timing of the eruption, associated with a specific astronomical configuration, result in a specific combination of tides that directly influence the volcano eruptive activity. With this data set, we further investigate the response of Fogo volcano to this external forcing. We show that during the 2014-2015 eruption, Fogo volcano acted as a bandpass filter to quasi-permanent tidal oscillations.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 26, 2022 - 4:21:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:01:22 PM

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Stéphanie Dumont, Graça Silveira, Susana Custódio, Fernando Lopes, Jean-Louis Le Mouël, et al.. Response of Fogo volcano (Cape Verde) to lunisolar gravitational forces during the 2014-2015 eruption. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2021, 312, pp. 359-387. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2021.106659⟩. ⟨insu-03590079⟩

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