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Cometary Materials: Progress Toward Understanding the Composition in the Outer Solar Nebula

Abstract : A major objective of the workshop was to learn about the chemical composition, physical structure, and thermodynamic conditions of the outer parts of the solar nebula where comets formed. Here we sum up what we have learned from years of research about the molecular constituents of comet comae primarily from in situ measurements of Comet 1P/Halley and remote sensing of Comets 1P/Halley, Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1), and Hyakutake (C/1996 B2). These three bright comets are presumably captured Oort cloud comets. We summarize the analyses of these data to predict the composition of comet nuclei and project them further to the composition, structure, and thermodynamic conditions in the nebula. Near-future comet missions are directed toward less active short-period Jupiter-family comets. Thus, future analyses will afford a better understanding of the diversity of these two major groups of comets and their respective regions of origin in the solar or presolar nebula. We conclude with recommendations for determining critical data needed to aid in further analyses. Results of the workshop provide new guidelines and constraints for modeling the solar nebula.
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K. Altwegg, Pascale Ehrenfreund, J. Geiss, W.F. Huebner, Anny Chantal Levasseur-Regourd. Cometary Materials: Progress Toward Understanding the Composition in the Outer Solar Nebula. Space Science Reviews, Springer Verlag, 1999, 90 (1/2), pp.373-389. ⟨10.1023/A:1005295425574⟩. ⟨insu-03588397⟩



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