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Rupture Process of the Mw 3.3 Earthquake in the St. Gallen 2013 Geothermal Reservoir, Switzerland

Abstract : We analyze slip distribution and rupture kinematics of a Mw3.3 induced event that occurred in the St. Gallen geothermal reservoir (NE Switzerland) in 2013. We carry out a two-step procedure: (1) path effects are deconvolved from the seismograms using an empirical Green's function, resulting in relative source time functions at all seismic stations; (2) the relative source time functions are back-projected to the corresponding isochrones on the fault plane. Results reveal that the mainshock rupture propagates toward NNE from the hypocenter with an average velocity of 2,000 m/s. Spatiotemporal organization of foreshocks and aftershocks shows that the mainshock broke a previously less active portion of the fault and suggests that the aftershock sequence could be mainly driven by stress transfer. Applying this method in an operational environment could enable fast retrieval of seismic slip, allowing assessment of fault asperities and structures involved in the reservoir creation process.
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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 24, 2022 - 12:12:36 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 26, 2022 - 3:08:35 AM
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E. Király-Proag, C. Satriano, P. Bernard, S. Wiemer. Rupture Process of the Mw 3.3 Earthquake in the St. Gallen 2013 Geothermal Reservoir, Switzerland. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2019, 46, pp.7990-7999. ⟨10.1029/2019GL082911⟩. ⟨insu-03586637⟩



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