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A solar cycle 25 prediction based on 4D-var data assimilation approach

Abstract : Based on our modern 4D-var data assimilation pipeline Solar Predict we present in this short proceeding paper our prediction for the next solar cycle 25. As requested by the Solar Cycle 25 panel call issued on January 2019 by NOAA/SWPC and NASA, we predict the timing of next minimum and maximum as well as their amplitude. Our results are the following: the minimum should have occured within the first semester of year 2019. The maximum should occur in year 2024.4 ± 6 months, with a value of the sunspot number equal to 92±10. This is in agreement with the NOAA/NASA consensus published in April 2019. Note that our prediction errors are based on 1-σ measure and do not consider all the systematics, so they are likely underestimated. We will update our prediction and error analysis regularly as more data becomes available and we improve our prediction pipeline.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03584813
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 4:27:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 11:46:09 AM

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Allan Sacha Brun, Ching Pui Hung, Alexandre Fournier, Laurène Jouve, Olivier Talagrand, et al.. A solar cycle 25 prediction based on 4D-var data assimilation approach. Solar and Stellar Magnetic Fields: Origins and Manifestations, 0000, à renseigner, Unknown Region. pp.138-146, ⟨10.1017/S1743921320003993⟩. ⟨insu-03584813⟩

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