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Primary and secondary processes constraining the noble gas isotopic signatures of carbonatites and silicate rocks from Brava Island: evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Cape Verde plume

Abstract : We present and discuss noble gas compositions of minerals from silicate rocks (olivines) and carbonatites (apatites and calcites) from Brava Island. The presence of an almost ubiquitous atmosphere-derived fingerprint is explained as reflecting contamination by seawater. Because of the high U and Th content in apatites, which are responsible for 4He production by α-decay, the high measured 4He/3He ratios do not represent magmatic signatures. In contrast, low values of 4He/3He in calcites (≥61,223; R/ R a ≤ 11.80) and olivines (≥56,240; R/ R a ≤ 12.85) are considered to be representative of signatures trapped at the time of crystallization, given that there are no evidences for significant cosmogenic additions. These relatively low 4He/3He ratios depicted by silicate and carbonatite rocks imply the contribution of a reservoir that evolved under low (U + Th)/3He; this is considered a strong evidence for the genesis of Brava by a mantle plume deeply anchored in the lower mantle. The inferred low 4He/40Ar* ratio (≈0.3), before degassing, is thought to reflect the contribution to the carbonatites source of a mantle domain evolving under high K/U, which cannot be explained by recycling of crustal components. The possible link between the low 4He/40Ar* source and the "missing Ar reservoir" is discussed. The usually referred geochemical dichotomy between Northern and Southern Cape Verde islands, which is markedly evident from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope signatures, is not apparent from Brava Island (Southern Cape Verde), where some samples present relatively unradiogenic 4He/3He signatures, similar to those reported for the Northern islands of the archipelago.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 5:12:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 23, 2022 - 3:34:58 AM

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Cyntia Mourão, Manuel Moreira, João Mata, Aude Raquin, José Madeira. Primary and secondary processes constraining the noble gas isotopic signatures of carbonatites and silicate rocks from Brava Island: evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Cape Verde plume. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 2012, 163, pp.995-1009. ⟨10.1007/s00410-011-0711-7⟩. ⟨insu-03583344⟩

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