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Laboratory study of self-potential signals during releasing of CO2 and N2 plumes

Abstract : Carbon Capture Sequestration (CCS) projects require, for safety reasons, monitoring programmes focused on surveying gas leakage on the surface. Generally, these programmes include detection of chemical tracers that, once on the surface, could be associated with CO2 degassing. We take a different approach by analysing feasibility of applying electrical surface techniques, specifically Self-Potential. A laboratory-scale model, using water-sand, was built for simulating a leakage scenario being monitored with non-polarisable electrodes. Electrical potentials were measured before, during and after gas injection (CO2 and N2) to determine if gas leakage is detectable. Variations of settings were done for assessing how the electrical potentials changed according to size of electrodes, distance from electrodes to the gas source, and type of gas. Results indicated that a degassing event is indeed detectable on electrodes located above injection source. Although the amount of gas could not be quantified from signals, injection timespan and increasing of injection rate were identified. Even though conditions of experiments were highly controlled contrasting to those usually found at field scale, we project that Self-Potential is a promising tool for detecting CO2 leakage if electrodes are properly placed.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 3:33:29 PM
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Cristian Vieira, Alexis Maineult, Maria Zamora. Laboratory study of self-potential signals during releasing of CO2 and N2 plumes. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, Elsevier, 2012, 344, pp.498-507. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2012.09.002⟩. ⟨insu-03583020⟩

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