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Deciphering the impact of diagenesis overprint on negative δ13C excursions using rock magnetism: Case study of Ediacaran carbonates, Yangjiaping section, South China

Abstract : Rock magnetism is used here to investigate the genesis of one of the puzzling negative carbon isotopic excursions of the Neoproterozoic in the Yangtze platform (South China). A detailed characterization of the magnetic mineralogy, which includes low-temperature and high-field magnetometry and classical magnetic measurement (ARM, IRM, susceptibility), was therefore performed along upper Doushantuo and lower Dengying Formations outcropping in the Yangjiaping section. The derived magnetic parameters show variations that can be interpreted as variations in magnetic grains size and in oxide contents. They show that the magnetic content is significantly reduced in samples presenting negative δ13Ccalcite values. We interpret this as a result of magnetite dissolution and secondary carbonate precipitation during early diagenesis bacterial sulfate reduction. Combined with C and O isotopic data, paleomagnetic techniques thus show that the upper Doushantuo-lower Dengying negative excursion of the Yangjiaping section is largely due to diagenesis, although the preservation of a genuine δ13C excursion of lower magnitude from +7‰ down to 0‰, instead of down to -9‰ as usually considered, cannot be ruled out. A corrected δ13Ccarbonate chemostratigraphic curve is therefore proposed. The unambiguous identification of a strong diagenetic component for this excursion casts doubts on the primary nature of other potentially time equivalent negative excursions of the Yangtze platform and thus to its correlation to negative excursions in other cratons (i.e. Shuram excursion). More generally, this study illustrates the potential of magnetic mineralogy characterization, a low cost, time efficient and non-destructive technique, as screening tool for diagenetic overprints of δ13C and δ18O.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 3:33:27 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 8:42:38 AM

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Mélina Macouin, Magali Ader, Marie-Gabrielle Moreau, Charles Poitou, Zhenyu Yang, et al.. Deciphering the impact of diagenesis overprint on negative δ13C excursions using rock magnetism: Case study of Ediacaran carbonates, Yangjiaping section, South China. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 2012, 351, pp.281-294. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.057⟩. ⟨insu-03583018⟩

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