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Spatial coherence of the seismic wavefield continuously recorded by the USArray

Abstract : We use a method based on the array covariance matrix eigenvalues to study the level of spatial coherence and of isotropy of the seismic wavefield continuously recorded during 2010 by the USArray. First, we observe that the raw data are often dominated by local sources. To remove their influence, we apply spectral and temporal normalizations to the input signals. We notice that this widely used preprocessing in ambient-noise seismology does not fully homogenize the seismic wavefield and that some strongly coherent arrivals persist. Among these persistent signals generated by teleseismic sources we detect (1) seismic waves emitted by strong earthquakes, (2) a nearly continuous quasi-monochromatic signal at 26 s period, and (3) multiday coherent wave trends in the spectral band of oceanic microseisms (0.07-0.2 Hz). For the latter, beamforming analysis shows that while most of the signals are composed of surface waves, some are dominated by body waves likely generated in the deep ocean.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 2:01:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 1:58:15 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 6:20:03 PM

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L. Seydoux, N. M. Shapiro, J. Rosny, M. Landès. Spatial coherence of the seismic wavefield continuously recorded by the USArray. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2016, 43, pp.9644-9652. ⟨10.1002/2016GL070320⟩. ⟨insu-03581296⟩

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