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Reproducing the supershear portion of the 2002 Denali earthquake rupture in laboratory

Abstract : A notable feature of the 2002 Mw 7.9 Denali, Alaska, earthquake was that a unique set of near-field seismic ground motion records, at Pump Station 10 (PS10), captured the passage of a supershear rupture followed by what was surmised to be a secondary slip pulse, ‘Trailing Rayleigh Pulse’ (Dunham and Archuleta, 2004; Mello et al., 2010). Motivated by the unique features contained in these near-field ground motion records, which were obtained only 3 km away from the fault, a series of scaled laboratory earthquake experiments was conducted in an attempt to replicate the dominant features of the PS10 ground motion signatures. Particle velocity records bearing a striking similarity to the Denali ground motion records are presented and discussed. The success of the comparison opens up the possibility of routinely generating near source ground motion records in a scaled and controlled laboratory setting that could be of great societal interest towards assessing seismic hazard from large and potentially devastating earthquakes.
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M. Mello, H. S. Bhat, A. J. Rosakis, H. Kanamori. Reproducing the supershear portion of the 2002 Denali earthquake rupture in laboratory. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 2014, 387, pp.89-96. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2013.11.030⟩. ⟨insu-03581151⟩



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