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Methods for inversion of body-wave waveforms for localized three-dimensional seismic structure and an application to D'' structure beneath Central America

Abstract : We formulate the inverse problem of waveform inversion for localized 3-D seismic structure, computing partial derivatives of waveforms with respect to the elastic moduli at arbitrary points in space for anisotropic and anelastic media. In this study we minimize computational requirements by using the Born approximation with respect to a laterally homogeneous model, but this is not an inherent limitation of our approach. We solve the inverse problem using the conjugate gradient (CG) method, using Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) to truncate the CG expansion. We apply our method to invert for 3-D shear wave structure in the lowermost mantle beneath Central America using a total of 2154 waveforms at periods from 12.5 to 200 s recorded at stations near the Pacific coast of North America for 29 deep and intermediate-depth events beneath South America. The resulting model shows lateral heterogeneity in the E-W direction, which may be associated with a subducted cold slab surrounded by hotter materials with slower velocities. Various tests show that our model is robust.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03581135
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 9:55:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 5:08:02 PM

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Kenji Kawai, Kensuke Konishi, Robert J. Geller, Nobuaki Fuji. Methods for inversion of body-wave waveforms for localized three-dimensional seismic structure and an application to D'' structure beneath Central America. Geophysical Journal, 2014, 197, pp.495-524. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggt520⟩. ⟨insu-03581135⟩

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