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Seismic evidence of continental margin influence on the NinetyEast Ridge in the Bay of Bengal

Abstract : The NinetyEast Ridge (NER), one of the most enigmatic features in the Indian Ocean, is covered by thick Bengal Fan sediment north of 9°N. We present seismic reflection data on the eastern flank of the NER, at 10°N, that show the presence of 4-5 km thick sediments beneath the Bengal Fan sediments. These sediments can be imaged up to 60 km beneath the Andaman fore-arc accretionary wedge, suggesting that the décollement lies above these sediments. The presence of thick sediments above the northernmost segment of the NER suggests that this segment was close to a continental margin during its emplacement. We propose that these sediments were deposited soon after the breakup of India and Antarctica, between 130 and 100 Ma, and might act as source rocks for oil and gas generation beneath recent Bengal Fan sediments. Furthermore, subducting thick sediments can significantly change the seismogenic behavior of the Andaman subduction zone.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 8:06:45 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 3:28:11 AM
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Raphaele E. Moeremans, Satish C. Singh. Seismic evidence of continental margin influence on the NinetyEast Ridge in the Bay of Bengal. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2014, 41, pp.7143-7150. ⟨10.1002/2014GL061598⟩. ⟨insu-03581071⟩



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