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Waveform inversion for localized three-dimensional seismic velocity structure in the lowermost mantle beneath the Western Pacific

Abstract : We infer 3-D localized shear velocity structure in the lowermost 400 km of the mantle at the western edge of the Pacific large low shear velocity province (LLSVP) by applying waveform inversion to transverse component body-wave waveforms from the F-net seismic array in Japan. Our data set consists of relatively long period (12.5-200 s) broad-band seismic waveforms of Tonga-Fiji deep focus and intermediate deep earthquakes. We conduct several tests to confirm the robustness of the inversion results. We find two low-velocity zones at the bottom of the target region, with a high-velocity zone in the middle, and a low-velocity zone above the high-velocity zone and contiguous with the two deeper low-velocity zones at a depth of 200-300 km above the core-mantle boundary (CMB). This supports the idea that the Pacific LLSVP may be an aggregation of small upwelling plumes rather than a single large thermochemical pile.
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Kensuke Konishi, Kenji Kawai, Robert J. Geller, Nobuaki Fuji. Waveform inversion for localized three-dimensional seismic velocity structure in the lowermost mantle beneath the Western Pacific. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2014, 199, pp.1245-1267. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggu288⟩. ⟨insu-03581063⟩

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