LOAC: a small aerosol optical counter/sizer for ground-based and balloon measurements of the size distribution and nature of atmospheric particles - Part 2: First results from balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle flights - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions Year : 2015

LOAC: a small aerosol optical counter/sizer for ground-based and balloon measurements of the size distribution and nature of atmospheric particles - Part 2: First results from balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle flights

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T. Tonnelier
  • Function : Author
C. Thaury
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R. Akiki
  • Function : Author
P. Charpentier
  • Function : Author
S. Mesmin
  • Function : Author
T. Elias
  • Function : Author
J. Giacomoni
  • Function : Author
M. Gobbi
H. Olafsson
  • Function : Author
P. Dagsson-Waldhauserova
  • Function : Author
C. Mazel
  • Function : Author
T. Décamps
  • Function : Author
M. Piringer
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Abstract

In the companion paper (Renard et al., 2015), we have described and evaluated a new versatile optical particle counter/sizer named LOAC (Light Optical Aerosol Counter) based on scattering measurements at angles of 12 and 60° that allows some topology identification of particles (droplets, carbonaceous, salts, and mineral dust) in addition to size segregated counting in a large diameter range from 0.2 up to possibly more than 100 μm depending on sampling conditions. Its capabilities overpass those of preceding optical particle counters (OPCs) allowing the characterization of all kind of aerosols from submicronic-sized absorbing carbonaceous particles in polluted air to very coarse particles (> 10-20 μm in diameter) in desert dust plumes or fog and clouds. LOAC's light and compact design allows measurements under all kinds of balloons, on-board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and at ground level. We illustrate here the first LOAC airborne results obtained from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and a variety of scientific balloons. The UAV was deployed in a peri-urban environment near Bordeaux in France. Balloon operations include (i) tethered balloons deployed in urban environments in Vienna (Austria) and Paris (France), (ii) pressurized balloons drifting in the lower troposphere over the western Mediterranean (during the Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment - ChArMEx campaigns), (iii) meteorological sounding balloons launched in the western Mediterranean region (ChArMEx) and from Aire-sur-l'Adour in south-western France (VOLTAIRE-LOAC campaign). More focus is put on measurements performed in the Mediterranean during (ChArMEx) and especially during African dust transport events to illustrate the original capability of balloon-borne LOAC to monitor in situ coarse mineral dust particles. In particular, LOAC has detected unexpected large particles in desert sand plumes.
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Dates and versions

insu-03577052 , version 1 (16-02-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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J. -B. Renard, F. Dulac, Gwenaël Berthet, T. Lurton, D. Vignelles, et al.. LOAC: a small aerosol optical counter/sizer for ground-based and balloon measurements of the size distribution and nature of atmospheric particles - Part 2: First results from balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle flights. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 2015, 8, pp.10057-10096. ⟨10.5194/amtd-8-10057-2015⟩. ⟨insu-03577052⟩
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