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Study of Plasma Waves Observed onboard Rosetta in the 67P/ChuryumovGerasimenko Comet Environment Using High Time Resolution Density Data Inferred from RPC-MIP and RPC-LAP Cross-calibration

Abstract : During two years, the groundbreaking ESA/Rosetta mission was able to escort comet 67P where previous cometary missions were only limited to flybys. This enabled for the first time to make in-situ measurements of the evolution of a comet's plasma environment. The density and temperature measured by Rosetta are derived from RPC-Mutual Impedance Probe (MIP) and RPC-Langmuir Probe (LAP). On one hand, low time resolution electron density are calculated using the plasma frequency extracted from the MIP mutual impedance spectra. On the other hand, high time resolution density fluctuations are estimated from the spacecraft potential measured by LAP. In this study, using a simple spacecraft charging model, we perform a cross-calibration of MIP plasma density and LAP spacecraft potential variations to obtain high time resolution measurements of the electron density. These results are also used to constrain the electron temperature. Then we make use of these new dataset, together with RPC-MAG magnetic field measurements, to investigate for the first time the compressibility and the correlations between plasma and magnetic field variations, for both singing comet waves and steepened waves observed, respectively during low and high cometary outgassing activity, in the plasma environment of comet 67P.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03570127
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 13, 2022 - 10:14:31 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 14, 2022 - 10:41:58 AM

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H. Breuillard, P. Henri, Xavier Vallières, A. I. Eriksson, E. Odelstad, et al.. Study of Plasma Waves Observed onboard Rosetta in the 67P/ChuryumovGerasimenko Comet Environment Using High Time Resolution Density Data Inferred from RPC-MIP and RPC-LAP Cross-calibration. American Geophysical Union, 2017, San Francisco, United States. ⟨insu-03570127⟩

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