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Conference Papers Year : 2019

Generation of magnetic holes in Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in magnetized plasmas

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Francesco Pucci
  • Function : Author
Francesco Califano
Sergio Servidio
  • Function : Author
Matteo Faganello
Thierry Passot
Giovanni Lapenta
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Velocity shear driven vortices associated to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) have been detected by in-situ observations at the Earth, Saturn and Mercury magnetospheres' boundary due to the interaction with the solar wind. KHI in magnetized plasmas have been widely studied numerically in the framework of a fluid and hybrid descriptions, while only very few studies have focused on the physics of electrons because of computational constraints. In this work we present a full kinetic particle in cell study of the KHI spanning a range of scales going from fluid to electron scales. Within this framework, we discuss the formation of ion-scale magnetic holes caused by the development of an electron mirror instability in the region of the velocity shear. The observed magnetic holes are pressure balance structure, in which the deep in magnetic pressure is balanced by a bump in the kinetic pressure. The latter is mainly provided by an high electron temperature in the direction perpendicular to the guide field. A diamagnetic electron current ring flowing inside the magnetic holes is also observed. Our work suggests a possible mechanism for the generation of the ion-scale magnetic holes recently observed by MMS in the Earth's magnetosphere.
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Dates and versions

insu-03563851 , version 1 (10-02-2022)

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Francesco Pucci, Pierre Henri, Francesco Califano, Sergio Servidio, Matteo Faganello, et al.. Generation of magnetic holes in Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in magnetized plasmas. 21st EGU General Assembly, Apr 2019, Vienne, Austria. ⟨insu-03563851⟩
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