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Plasmasphere observations with Cluster data supplemented with data from the Dynamics Explorer-1 and Van Allen Probes missions

Abstract : Since 2000 the four Cluster spacecraft have crossed the Earth's plasmasphere along a polar orbit every 2.5 days, with various perigee altitudes (from 1.5 to 4 RE), different configurations (string of pearls, tetrahedron) and changing separations (from 10 to 100 000 km). The resulting dataset allows different types of inner magnetosphere studies and provides insight in plasmasphere dynamics, including changes in plasmapause position. Plasmaspheric plumes can also be studied on a case-by-case basis, in a statistical manner and in relation with wave activity (EMIC, electromagnetic rising tone, whistler waves).Moreover, data from an old mission, Dynamics Explorer-1, have recently become available. In particular, densities and temperatures for many ions (H+, He+, He++, O+, and O++) have been derived from the RIMS (Retarding Ion Mass Spectrometer) instrument and are available from October 1981 to January 1985. Such composition data, not available from the Cluster satellites, allow in particular to analyze the distributions of those ions in the plasmasphere boundary layer, as a function of magnetic local time and geomagnetic activity.Finally, since 2012, the two Van Allen Probes satellites are orbiting the inner magnetosphere in the magnetic equatorial plane and with a low perigee, allowing a crossing of the plasmasphere every 9 hours. The EMFISIS (Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science) instrument onboard both spacecraft can determine the electron density in a very large density range (up to 3000 cm-3) using several methods. This gives a different opportunity to analyze the plasmapause and plasmaspheric plumes from a different perspective.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 8, 2022 - 9:31:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:24:57 PM
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Fabien Darrouzet, Johan de Keyser, Pierrette Décréau, Dennis Gallagher, Giuli Verbanac, et al.. Plasmasphere observations with Cluster data supplemented with data from the Dynamics Explorer-1 and Van Allen Probes missions. 22nd EGU General Assembly, 2020, Online, France. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18386⟩. ⟨insu-03560747⟩

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