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Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Abstract : While not specifically designed as a planetary mission, NASA's Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission uses a series of Venus gravity assists (VGAs) in order to reduce its perihelion distance. These orbital maneuvers provide the opportunity for direct measurements of the Venus plasma environment at high cadence. We present first observations of kinetic scale turbulence in the Venus magnetosheath from the first two VGAs. In VGA1, PSP observed a quasi-parallel shock, β ∼ 1 magnetosheath plasma, and a kinetic range scaling of k-2.9. VGA2 was characterized by a quasi-perpendicular shock with β ∼ 10, and a steep k-3.4 spectral scaling. Temperature anisotropy measurements from VGA2 suggest an active mirror mode instability. Significant coherent waves are present in both encounters at sub-ion and electron scales. Using conditioning techniques to exclude these electromagnetic wave events suggests the presence of developed sub-ion kinetic turbulence in both magnetosheath encounters.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 7:12:55 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 7:12:58 AM

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T. A. Bowen, S. D. Bale, R. Bandyopadhyay, J. W. Bonnell, A. Case, et al.. Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2021, 48, pp.2745-2764. ⟨10.1029/2020GL090783⟩. ⟨insu-03559382⟩

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