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TOI-674b: An oasis in the desert of exo-Neptunes transiting a nearby M dwarf

Abstract : Context. The NASA mission TESS is currently doing an all-sky survey from space to detect transiting planets around bright stars. As part of the validation process, the most promising planet candidates need to be confirmed and characterized using follow-up observations. Aims. In this article, our aim is to confirm the planetary nature of the transiting planet candidate TOI-674b using spectroscopic and photometric observations. Methods. We use TESS, Spitzer , ground-based light curves, and HARPS spectrograph radial velocity measurements to establish the physical properties of the transiting exoplanet candidate TOI-674b. We perform a joint fit of the light curves and radial velocity time series to measure the mass, radius, and orbital parameters of the candidate. Results. We confirm and characterize TOI-674b, a low-density super-Neptune transiting a nearby M dwarf. The host star (TIC 158588995, V = 14.2 mag, J = 10.3 mag) is characterized by its M2V spectral type with M ⋆ = 0.420 ± 0.010 M ⊙ , R ⋆ = 0.420 ± 0.013 R ⊙ , and T eff = 3514 ± 57 K; it is located at a distance d = 46.16 ± 0.03 pc. Combining the available transit light curves plus radial velocity measurements and jointly fitting a circular orbit model, we find an orbital period of 1.977143 ± 3 × 10 −6 days, a planetary radius of 5.25 ± 0.17 R ⊕ , and a mass of 23.6 ± 3.3 M ⊕ implying a mean density of ρ p =0.91 ± 0.15 g cm −3 . A non-circular orbit model fit delivers similar planetary mass and radius values within the uncertainties. Given the measured planetary radius and mass, TOI-674b is one of the largest and most massive super-Neptune class planets discovered around an M-type star to date. It is found in the Neptunian desert, and is a promising candidate for atmospheric characterization using the James Webb Space Telescope.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 9:06:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 3:40:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 6:36:02 PM

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F. Murgas, N. Astudillo-Defru, Xavier Bonfils, I. Crossfield, J. Almenara, et al.. TOI-674b: An oasis in the desert of exo-Neptunes transiting a nearby M dwarf. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2021, 653, pp.A60. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202140718⟩. ⟨insu-03458387⟩

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