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Journal Articles Geoscience Frontiers Year : 2021

High pressure geochemistry: Preface

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Jianguo Du
  • Function : Author
Baohua Zhang
  • Function : Author
Bo Zou
  • Function : Author
Bin Chen
  • Function : Author

Abstract

High pressure geochemistry: Preface The origin and history of the Earth are manifested as the evolutionary processes of chemistry and physics of its interiors, which can be recognized by deciphering the geochemical signals recorded in minerals and rocks. Deep interiors of the Earth and other rocky planets are under both extreme pressure and temperature, i.e., approximately 360 gigapascals (GPa) and as high as 7000 K at the center of the Earth. So far, many questions on Earth's interiors remain equivocal, such as the compositions and mineralogy of the mantle and core, the causes of chemical and physical heterogeneities of the mantle, origins of magma and petroleum, the role of fluid-rock interaction in the crustal evolution and earthquake generation, the behavior and partition of elements and chemical species, chemical dynamics of the degassing process, among other processes, which have attracted much attention of scientists. The materials in the interior domains of Earth and other planets experience the extreme processes of high pressure and high temperature (high P-T) conditions. Not only does high temperature, but also high pressure severely affects the behavior of atoms and molecules, chemical dynamics of reactions, and existing states of materials. However, traditional investigations usually neglect the chemical reactions under high P-T conditions. Thus, the high P-T chemical reactions and processes are among the most important factors in the Earth's evolution, which are involved in various geological processes, such as mantle metasomatism, element differentiation, isotopic fractionation, magma evolution, ore formation, alteration of rocks, earthquake generation, etc. Therefore, studies of the geochemical behavior of materials under high P-T conditions are fundamental to understand the physicochemical properties of the Earth's interior. High-pressure experiments and theoretical simulations are powerful tools to explore the Earth's interiors in addition to the geophysical techniques, analysis of natural samples and meteorite. This Special Issue of High Pressure Geochemistry in Geoscience Frontiers assembles contributions that present results of high pressure geochemistry, concerning mainly the behavior and partition of elements, hydration and dehydration of minerals, origin of magma, reaction between minerals and magma, effect of chemical composition (as well as volatiles) on the transport property of mineral/rock, gas diffusion, phase transitions and occurrence states of materials under high P-T conditions. Chemical interaction between melts and mineral, partial melting of rocks show new evidence for the origin of magmas. The experimental work on dehydration and partial melting of amphibolite at 1.5 GPa
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insu-03455249 , version 1 (29-11-2021)

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Jianguo Du, Baohua Zhang, Bo Zou, Bin Chen, Geeth Manthilake. High pressure geochemistry: Preface. Geoscience Frontiers, 2021, 12 (2), pp.893-895. ⟨10.1016/j.gsf.2020.09.010⟩. ⟨insu-03455249⟩
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