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Global 3D modelling of Martian CO2 clouds

Abstract : In the Martian atmosphere, carbon dioxide (CO) clouds have been revealed by numerous instruments around Mars from the beginning of the XXI century. These observed clouds can be distinguished by two kinds involving different formation processes: those formed during the winter in polar regions located in the troposphere, and those formed during the Martian year at low-and mid-northern latitudes located in the mesosphere (Määattänen et al, 2013). Microphysical processes of the formation of these clouds are still not fully understood. However, modeling studies revealed processes necessary for their formation: the requirement of waves that perturb the atmosphere leading to a temperature below the condensation of CO (transient planetary waves for tropospheric clouds (Kuroda et al., 20123), thermal tides (Gonzalez-Galindo et al., 2011) and gravity waves for mesospheric clouds (Spiga et al., 2012)). In the last decade, a state-of-the-art microphysical column (1D) model for CO clouds in a Martian atmosphere was developed at Laboratoire Atmosphères, Observations Spatiales (LATMOS) (Listowski et al., 2013, 2014). We use our full microphysical model of CO cloud formation to investigate the occurrence of these CO clouds by coupling it with the Global Climate Model (GCM) of the Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD) (Forget et al., 1999). We recently activated the radiative impact of CO clouds in the atmosphere. Last modeling results on Martian CO clouds properties and their impacts on the atmosphere will be presented and be compared to observational data.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 1:52:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 11:42:56 AM

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Christophe Mathé, Anni Määttänen, Joachim Audouard, Constantino Listowski, Ehouarn Millour, et al.. Global 3D modelling of Martian CO2 clouds. EGU General Assembly 2021, Apr 2021, Virtual Meeting, France. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9457⟩. ⟨insu-03446660⟩

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