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Conference papers

Large recent counterclockwise rotations in the Tajik Basin and implications on the Pamir salient formation

Abstract : <p>Contrasting models have been proposed to explain the formation of the Pamir salient: either largely inherited from a Mesozoic arcuate structure or recently formed by Indian northward indentation and possibly related to syn-orogenic lateral extrusion. The vertical-axis counterclockwise rotations observed in the Tajik Basin are key constraints on testing these models, but the timing of these rotations remains hindered by poor age control on the basin sediments. We report a combined analysis of vertical-axis rotation and magnetostratigraphic dating of a long sedimentary section in the eastern Tajik Basin, which yields strong counterclockwise rotations (~56&#176;) in early Late Cretaceous to late Miocene strata. This result suggests that rotation in the Tajik Basin occurred after ~8 Ma, much later than previously suggested. Combining with a regional compilation of previous paleomagnetic studies as well as structural and GPS constraints including Pamir and Tarim, we explore potential implications on models of the Pamir salient. We infer that after 8 Ma (probably even later), the Pamir (North, Central, and South) began to overthrust west- and northwest-ward, causing counterclockwise rotations in the Tajik Basin. This reconstruction allows for ~150 km of post-8 Ma northwestward indentation into the Tajik Basin, in agreement with coeval underthrusting of the Indian mantle lithosphere into Asia.</p>
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Contributor : Pierrick Roperch Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 8:12:06 PM
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Lin Li, Guillaume Dupont-Nivet, Pierrick Roperch, Yani Najman, Mustafa Kaya, et al.. Large recent counterclockwise rotations in the Tajik Basin and implications on the Pamir salient formation. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2021 (EGU 2021), Nov 2021, online, France. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9901⟩. ⟨insu-03441868⟩



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