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Tracking the Origin and Evolution of Diagenetic Fluids of Upper Jurassic Carbonate Rocks in the Zagros Thrust Fold Belt, NE-Iraq

Abstract : Utilizing sophisticated tools in carbonate rocks is crucial to interpretating the origin andevolution of diagenetic fluids from the Upper Jurassic carbonate rocks along the Zagrosthrust-fold Belt. The origin and evolution of the paleofluids utilizing in-situ strontium isotope ratiosby high resolution laser ablation ICP-MS, integrated with stable isotopes, petrography andfieldwork are constrained. Due to the lack of information on the origin of the chemistry of thefluids, the cements that filled the Jurassic carbonate rocks were analysed from the fractures andpores. This allowed us to trace the origin of fluids along a diagenetic sequence, which is defined atthe beginning from the sediment deposition (pristine facies). Based on petrography and geochemistry(oxygen-, carbon- and strontium-isotope compositions) two major diagenetic stages involvingthe fluids were identified. The initial stage, characterized by negative δ13CVPDB values (reaching−10.67‰), involved evaporated seawater deposited with the sediments, mixed with the input offreshwater. The second stage involved a mixture of meteoric water and hot fluids that precipitatedas late diagenetic cements. The late diagenetic cements have higher depleted O–C isotope compositionscompared to seawater. The diagenetic cements display a positive covariance and wereassociated with extra- δ13CVPDB and δ18OVPDB values (−12.87‰ to −0.82‰ for δ18OVPDB and −11.66‰to −1.40‰ for δ13CVPDB respectively). The distinction between seawater and the secondary fluids isalso evident in the 87Sr/86Sr of the host limestone versus cements. The limestones have 87Sr/86Sr upto 0.72859, indicative of riverine input, while the cements have 87Sr/86Sr of (0.70772), indicative ofhot fluid circulation interacting with meteoric water during late diagenesis.
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Namam Salih, Alain Préat, Axel Gerdes, Kurt O. Konhauser, Jean-Noël Proust. Tracking the Origin and Evolution of Diagenetic Fluids of Upper Jurassic Carbonate Rocks in the Zagros Thrust Fold Belt, NE-Iraq. Water, MDPI, 2021, 13, 22 (3284), ⟨10.3390/w13223284⟩. ⟨insu-03428850⟩

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