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Number of independent measurements required to obtain reliable mean scattering properties of irregular particles having a small size parameter, using microwave analogy measurements

Abstract : Laboratory measurements of light scattered by a cloud of randomly oriented levitating particles are often used to interpret remote sensing measurements of dust in space and in Earth's atmosphere. It is necessary to know how many particles or how many different orientations of the same particles must be considered to retrieve the mean scattering function of brightness and polarization. New laboratory measurements were conducted using the microwave analogy method between frequencies of 3 to 18 GHz, where an "analog" particle with a small size parameter in a range of 0.5-12 will have a size of several cm. Twelve such "analog" particles from compact shapes to aggregates with small fractal dimensions were fabricated by additive manufacturing (3D printing) and were studied. The number of necessary measurements to reach the mean scattering properties of a particle with an accuracy of about 5% is obtained for less than 20 different orientations. To reach a 1.5% (1-σ) error in brightness and a 0.5% (1-σ) error in polarization, the number of necessary measurements is in a range of 20 to 70, depending on the shape, fluffiness, deviation from a perfect sphere, and surface irregularities of the particle. These results show that several tens of randomly oriented particles of the same size are sufficient to retrieve the mean light scattering properties. Also, several tens of orientations of the same particles provide mean scattering properties, compared to modelling calculations using the Finite Element Method, for an aggregate composed of identical monomers.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 10, 2021 - 6:29:44 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 11, 2021 - 3:19:58 AM

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Jean-Baptiste Renard, Jean-Michel Geffrin, Vanesa Tobon Valencia, Hervé Tortel, François Ménard, et al.. Number of independent measurements required to obtain reliable mean scattering properties of irregular particles having a small size parameter, using microwave analogy measurements. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Elsevier, 2021, 272, pp.107718. ⟨10.1016/j.jqsrt.2021.107718⟩. ⟨insu-03255038⟩

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