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Differential absorption lidar for water vapor isotopologues in the 1.98 μm spectral region: sensitivity analysis with respect to regional atmospheric variability

Abstract : Laser active remote sensing of tropospheric water vapor is a promising technology to complement passive observational means in order to enhance our understanding of processes governing the global hydrological cycle. In such context, we investigate the potential of monitoring both water vapor H2 16 O and its isotopologue HD 16 O using a differential absorption lidar (DIAL) allowing for ground-based remote measurements at high spatio-temporal resolution (150 m and 10 min) in the lower troposphere. This paper presents a sensitivity analysis and an error budget for a DIAL system under development which will operate in the two-micrometer spectral region. Using a performance simulator, the sensitivity of the DIAL-retrieved mixing ratios to instrument-specific and environmental parameters is investigated. This numerical study uses different atmospheric conditions ranging from tropical to polar latitudes with realistic aerosol loads. Our simulations show that the measurement of the main isotopologue H2 16 O is possible over the first 1.5 km of atmosphere with a relative precision in the water vapor mixing ratio of <1% in a mid-latitude or tropical environment. For the measurement of HD 16 O mixing ratios under the same conditions, relative precision is shown to be of similar order, thus allowing for the retrieval of rangeresolved isotopic ratios. We also show that expected precisions vary by an order of magnitude between tropical and polar conditions, the latter giving rise to reduced precision due to low water vapor content and low aerosol load. Such values have been obtained for a commercial InGaAs PIN photodiode, as well as temporal and line-of-sight resolutions of 10 min and 150 m, respectively. Additionally, using vertical isotopologue profiles derived from a previous field campaign, precision estimates for the HD 16 O isotopic abundance are provided.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03238468
Contributor : Catherine Cardon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 10:21:35 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 3:11:52 AM

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Jonas Hamperl, Clément Capitaine, Jean-Baptiste Dherbecourt, Myriam Raybaut, Patrick Chazette, et al.. Differential absorption lidar for water vapor isotopologues in the 1.98 μm spectral region: sensitivity analysis with respect to regional atmospheric variability. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 2021, pp.(Under Review). ⟨10.5194/amt-2021-116⟩. ⟨insu-03238468⟩

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