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INTERBALL magnetotail boundary case studies

Abstract : We present two examples of INTERBALL-1 data near both the high and low-latitude tail magnetopause (MP) under disturbed conditions. For the high-latitude case, MAGION-4 data determine the scales of the MP current sheets which are in the order of 100–500 km for the main ones, 50–200 km for Flux Transfer Events (FTEs) and a few km for the fine structures and ULF turbulence. The MP speed was 15–30 km/s. The energetic protons in the magnetosheath (MSH) provide evidence of reconnection upstream of the spacecraft (S/C). The tailward flows grow for the northward MSH magnetic field when the reconnection site is believed to be shifted tailward of the cusp. The inner boundary layer (BL) after the disturbance consists of tailward and earthward flowing plasma of MSH origin and cold mantle plasma flowing tailward The earthward flow is evidence of reconnection tailward of the S/C, which is regarded as a specific feature of the disturbed conditions. Local production of a plasma-sheet-like plasma at high latitudes is argued based on the inner BL plasma characteristics. The following features are observed in both cases: (a) FTEs for both northward and southward MSH fields; (b) waves in the current sheet vicinities over ten mV/m and 15 nT peak-to-peak; (c) electron fluxes with scales down to a few km with extra heating especially parallel to the magnetic field; (d) outer turbulent boundary layers with a deflected magnetic field; (e) ions with time-energy dispersion-like features and deflected ion fluxes. In the downstream dawn region at the transition between the low-latitude boundary layer and the plasma sheet (LLBL/PS), multiple MP encounters are observed. In the LLBL parallel electron intensifications correlate with ULF magnetic fluctuations.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 4:33:25 PM
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S.P. Savin, O. Balan, N. Borodkova, E. Budnik, N. Nikolaeva, et al.. INTERBALL magnetotail boundary case studies. Advances in Space Research, Elsevier, 1997, 20 (4-5), pp.999-1015. ⟨10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00508-5⟩. ⟨insu-03235153⟩

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