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DYNAMO: a Mars upper atmosphere package for investigating solar wind interaction and escape processes, and mapping Martian fields

Eric Chassefière 1 A. Nagy 2 M. Mandea 3 F. Primdahl 4 H. Rème 5 J.-A. Sauvaud 5 R. Lin 6 S. Barabash 7 D. Mitchell 6 T. Zurbuchen 2 François Leblanc 1 Jean-Jacques Berthelier 8 H. Waite 2 D.T. Young 9 J. Clarke 10 Michel Parrot 11 Jean-Gabriel Trotignon 11 Jean-Loup Bertaux 1 Eric Quémerais 1 F. Barlier 12 K. Szegö S. Szalaı̈ S. Bougher 2 F. Forget 13 J. Lilensten 14 J.-P. Barriot 15 Gérard Chanteur 8 J. Luhmann 6 G. Hulot 3 M. Purucker 16 D. Breuer 17 S. Smrekar 18 B. Jakosky 19 Michel Menvielle 8 S. Sasaki 20 M. Acuna 16 G. Keating 21 P. Touboul 22 J.-C. Gérard 23 P. Rochus 23 S. Orsini 24 G. Cerutti-Maori 25 Jacques Porteneuve 1 Mustapha Meftah 1 Christian Malique 1
Abstract : DYNAMO is a small multi-instrument payload aimed at characterizing current atmospheric escape, which is still poorly constrained, and improving gravity and magnetic field representations, in order to better understand the magnetic, geologic and thermal history of Mars. The internal structure and evolution of Mars is thought to have influenced climate evolution. The collapse of the primitive magnetosphere early in Mars history could have enhanced atmospheric escape and favored transition to the present arid climate. These objectives are achieved by using a low periapsis orbit. DYNAMO has been proposed in response to the AO released in February 2002 for instruments to be flown as a complementary payload onboard the CNES Orbiter to Mars (MO-07), foreseen to be launched in 2007 in the framework of the French PREMIER Mars exploration program. MO-07 orbital phase 2b (with an elliptical orbit of periapsis 170 km), and in a lesser extent 2a, offers an unprecedented opportunity to investigate by in situ probing the chemical and dynamical properties of the deep ionosphere, thermosphere, and the interaction between the atmosphere and the solar wind, and therefore the present atmospheric escape rate. Ultraviolet remote sensing is an essential complement to characterize high, tenuous, layers of the atmosphere. One Martian year of operation, with about 5,000 low passes, should allow DYNAMO to map in great detail the residual magnetic field, together with the gravity field. Additional data on the internal structure will be obtained by mapping the electric conductivity, sinergistically with the NETLANDER magnetic data. Three options have been recommended by the International Science and Technical Review Board (ISTRB), who met on July 1st and 2nd, 2002. One of them is centered on DYNAMO. The final choice, which should be made before the end of 2002, will depend on available funding resources at CNES.
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Eric Chassefière, A. Nagy, M. Mandea, F. Primdahl, H. Rème, et al.. DYNAMO: a Mars upper atmosphere package for investigating solar wind interaction and escape processes, and mapping Martian fields. Advances in Space Research, Elsevier, 2004, 33 (12), pp.2228-2235. ⟨10.1016/S0273-1177(03)00528-3⟩. ⟨insu-03233628⟩

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