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Plasma turbulence in the ionosphere prior to earthquakes, some remarks on the DEMETER registrations

Abstract : The question about presence of some precursors of the earthquakes has a long history. The answer is still not resolved, but researchers are looking for the effects which can be registered prior to earthquakes. One of the factors which has been found is the variation of the electromagnetic field observed on ground as well as onboard satellites. The disturbances of the electromagnetic field around areas of the earthquakes as pre-seismic events can occur few hours or even few days before the main shock. The payload of the DEMETER French microsatellite allows to measure waves and also some important plasma parameters (ion composition, electron density and temperature, energetic particles) with high temporal resolution in the ionosphere over the seismic regions. In the present work, analysis of the low frequency fluctuations of the electric fields for selected strong earthquakes in Japan (2004), China (2008), Taiwan (2006) and New Zealand (2009) are given. Special attention will be given to the study of the spectral characteristics of these variations and the search for nonlinear effects. This analysis is possible in the time interval where the waveform has been transmitted. The mechanism of the energy transmission from earthquakes to the ionosphere is not clear, but we can discuss the behavior of the ionospheric plasma and the search for instabilities which could be a source of electromagnetic field variations. A brief discussion of the characteristics of the spectra and multi-spectra is given in this paper. Attention is particularly given to the effect prior to the earthquake in New Zealand, when a nonlinear interaction leading to a lower hybrid wave generation was directly seen.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 1:37:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 3:30:35 AM

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Jan Błęcki, Michel Parrot, Roman Wronowski. Plasma turbulence in the ionosphere prior to earthquakes, some remarks on the DEMETER registrations. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2011, 41 (4-5), pp.450-458. ⟨10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.05.016⟩. ⟨insu-03218142⟩

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