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Journal Articles Environmental Science and Technology Year : 2021

Cadmium isotope fractionation during complexation with humic acid


Cadmium (Cd) isotopes are known to fractionate during complexation with various environmentally relevant surfaces and ligands. Our results, which were obtained using (i) batch experiments at different Cd concentrations, ionic strengths, and pH values, (ii) modeling, and (iii) infrared and X-ray absorption spectroscopies, highlight the preferential enrichment of light Cd isotopes bound to humic acid (HA), leaving the heavier Cd pool preferentially in the solution (Δ114/110CdHA-Cd(aq) of -0.15 ± 0.01‰). At high ionic strengths, Cd isotope fractionation mainly depends on its complexation with carboxylic sites. Outer-sphere complexation occurs at equilibrium together with inner-sphere complexation as well as with the change of the first Cd coordination and its hydration complexes in solution. At low ionic strengths, non-specific Cd binding induced by electrostatic attractions plays a dominant role and promotes Cd isotope fractionation during complexation. This significant outcome elucidates the mechanisms involved in HA-Cd interactions. The results can be used during (i) fingerprinting the available Cd in soil solution after its complexation with solid or soluble natural organic matter and (ii) evaluate the contribution of Cd complexation with organic ligands and phytoplankton-derived debris vs. Cd assimilation by phytoplankton in seawater.
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Dates and versions

insu-03213057 , version 1 (06-10-2021)



Gildas Ratié, Vladislav Chrastny, Damien Guinoiseau, Remi Marsac, Zuzana Vaňková, et al.. Cadmium isotope fractionation during complexation with humic acid. Environmental Science and Technology, 2021, 55 (11), pp.7430-7444. ⟨10.1021/acs.est.1c00646⟩. ⟨insu-03213057⟩
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