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Comparing scattering ratio products retrieved from ALADIN/Aeolus and CALIOP/CALIPSO observations: sensitivity, comparability, and temporal evolution

Abstract : The spaceborne active sounders have been contributing invaluable vertically resolved information of atmospheric optical properties since the launch of CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation) in 2006. To ensure the continuity of climate studies and monitoring the global changes, one has to understand the differences between lidars operating at different wavelengths, flying at different orbits, and utilizing different observation geometries, receiving paths, and detectors. In this article, we show the results of an intercomparison study of ALADIN (Atmospheric Laser Doppler INstrument) and CALIOP (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization) lidars using their scattering ratio (SR) products for the period of 28/06/2019−31/12/2019. We suggest an optimal set of collocation criteria (Δdist < 1º; Δtime < 6h), which would give a representative set of collocated profiles and we show that for such a pair of instruments the theoretically achievable cloud detection agreement for the data collocated with aforementioned criteria is 0.77±0.17. The analysis of a collocated database consisting of ~78000 pairs of collocated nighttime SR profiles revealed the following: (a) in the cloudfree area, the agreement is good indicating low frequency of false positive cloud detections by both instruments; (b) the cloud detection agreement is better for the lower layers. Above ~7 km, the ALADIN product demonstrates lower sensitivity because of lower backscatter at 355 nm and because of lower signal-to-noise ratio; (c) in 50% of the analyzed cases when ALADIN reported a low cloud not detected by CALIOP, the middle level cloud hindered the observations and perturbed the ALADIN's retrieval indicating the need for quality flag refining for such scenarios; (d) large sensitivity to lower clouds leads to skewing the ALADIN's cloud peaks down by ~0.5±0.4 km, but this effect does not alter the polar stratospheric cloud peak heights; (e) temporal evolution of cloud agreement quality does not reveal any anomaly for the considered period, indicating that hot pixels and laser degradation effects in ALADIN have been mitigated at least down to the uncertainties in the following cloud detection
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Submitted on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 1:25:57 PM
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Artem Feofilov, Hélène Chepfer, Vincent Noël, Rodrigo Guzman, Cyprien Gindre, et al.. Comparing scattering ratio products retrieved from ALADIN/Aeolus and CALIOP/CALIPSO observations: sensitivity, comparability, and temporal evolution. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, Copernicus Publications / European Geosciences Union 2022, pp.(Under Review). ⟨10.5194/amt-2021-96⟩. ⟨insu-03201876⟩



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