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Relationship between the Ozone and Water Vapor columns on Mars as Observed by SPICAM and Calculated by a Global Climate Model

Abstract : Ozone (O3) in the atmosphere of Mars is produced following the photolysis of CO2 and is readily destroyed by the hydrogen radicals (HOx) released by the photolysis and oxidation of water vapor. As a result, an anti‐correlation between ozone and water vapor is expected. We describe here the O3‐H2O relationship derived from four Martian years of simultaneous observations by the SPICAM spectrometer onboard the Mars Express spacecraft. A distinct anti‐correlation is found at high latitudes, where the O3 column varies roughly with the ‐0.6 power of the H2O column. The O3 and H2O columns are uncorrelated at low latitudes. To evaluate our quantitative understanding of the Martian photochemistry, the observed O3‐H2O relationship is then compared to that predicted by a global climate model with photochemistry. For identical model and observed abundances of H2O, the model underpredicts observed ozone by about a factor of two relative to SPICAM when using the currently recommended gas‐phase chemistry. Sensitivity studies employing low‐temperature CO2 absorption cross‐sections, or adjusted kinetics rates, do not solve this bias. Taking into account potential heterogeneous processes of HOx loss on clouds leads to a significant improvement, but only at high northern latitudes. More broadly, the modeled ozone deficits suggest that the HOx‐catalyzed photochemistry is too efficient in our simulations. This problem is consistent with the long‐standing underestimation of CO in Mars photochemical models, and may be related to similar difficulties in modeling O3 and HOx in the Earth’s upper stratosphere and mesosphere.
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Submitted on : Sunday, April 11, 2021 - 8:09:30 PM
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Franck Lefèvre, A. Trokhimovskiy, A. Fedorova, Lucio Baggio, Gaetan Lacombe, et al.. Relationship between the Ozone and Water Vapor columns on Mars as Observed by SPICAM and Calculated by a Global Climate Model. Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets, Wiley-Blackwell, 2021, 126 (4), pp.e2021JE006838. ⟨10.1029/2021JE006838⟩. ⟨insu-03195382⟩

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